Contaminants of emerging concern (CEC) listed by the US EPA and NJDEP are: PFOS – perfluorooctance sulfonate, PFOA – perflurooctanoic acid, PFNA – perfluorononanoic acid and PFHxS – perfluorohexane sulfonateBefore considering the cleanup options, it is very important that investigator understand that how there chemicals are introduced in the environment, its physical, chemical structures and it’s stability.
PFAS are divided into two categories: polymers and non-polymers. Polymers have a long-chain and it is more stable in the environment.
The polymer category includes fluoropolymers, perfluoropolyethers, and side-chain fluorinated polymers. Polymers generally have very different physical, chemical, and biological properties than do nonpolymer chemical substances of low molecular weight. Non-polymers category includes perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
PFOS / PFOA applied to create waterproof and water repellent textiles and clothing